Situated in 9km south-west of Sapa Townlet, Fansipan Mountain is the highest peak of Hoang Lien Son range with the height of 3.143 meters. In 1905, the French came to Vietnam and put a landmark on its peak and it was named after “the roof of Indochina”. At that time, conquering Fansipan is really a challenge. During the Vietnam War, Fansipan was left deserted and the trail blazed by the French was quickly covered by underbrush.
Fansipan Mountain is well-known for many tourists who want to have an adventurous feeling. However, the trail or long paths to the highest summit is clearer now, it is still a challenge if your muscular power is not strong and durable enough. Unlike in the past, the summit of Fasipan is more accessible now. Tourists can conquer it any time of the year; however, the best time to join in this activity is from mid-October to mid-November and in March.
During this period of time, there is no more heavy rain which may obstruct the route. This time is preference of foreign tourists while Vietnamese may choose to take the trip from February to April as it is not so cold. Trekking to the mountain from the end of February to March, you will have chance to admire the blooming flowers with brilliant blossoms, violets and orchids, rhododendrons…
There is variety of Fansipan’s topography. Muong Hoa Valley, at the lowest altitude (950-1,000m), is created by a narrow strip of land at the base on the east side of the mountain. It is said by Geologists that Hoang Lien Mountain Range, together with Fansipan as its highest peak, did not emerge in the mountainous North West of Vietnam until the Neozoic period (circ. 100 million years ago). Fansipan, a rough pronunciation of the local name “Hua Xi Pan” means “the tottery giant rock”.
In 1991, Nguyen Thien Hung, an army man returned to the district town and decided to conquer Fansipan. Finally, he succeeded in conquering this highest peak on the 13th date, accordance with a H’Mong boy as his guide, conquer the high peak by following the foot steps of the mountain goats. Scaling the height was meant to satisfy his eager will and aspiration to conquer the mountain without expecting that his name would be put down in the travel guidebook. After that the Travel Agent in Vietnam started to make a new package tour there. It seemed the Fansipan Tour was meant only for those who wished to test their muscular power